Guided media and unguided media are two types of transmission media. In guided media, we use the concepts of wires and cables. Every transmission is dependent on wired technology.
In unguided media, the signals can jump from one place to another without mentioning specifically. Here transmission is based on wireless technology. It requires high skills and hard work to design cables for Wires and Cables manufacturers.
Now we will see three types of cables in guided media.
Twisted pair cable
Here the name indicates twisted pair, which means two cables are twisted here. There are two types of cable – shielded twisted pair (STP) and Unshielded twisted pair (UTP) in twisted pair cable. The primary purpose of twisted pair cable is LAN (Local Area Network) connection. For this LAN connection, an RJ45 cable is used.
In ancient times, coaxial cable was used for internet connection, but recently it is not used for Internet connection. Wires and Cables manufacturers designed coaxial cables to be used for cable tv operators. The outer and inner conductor acts as positive and negative signals. When these positive and negative signals are not connected properly, they will show errors in displaying channels.
Fiber optic cable
Wires and cables manufacturers manufactured fiber optic cables mainly for the telecommunication sector. This cable transmits faster than any other cable. Fiber optic cables transmit light signals from sender to receiver.
Running electrical wires behind your walls could be an excellent way to feature an outlet or switch right wherever you would like it. We all know the concept of operating behind drywall or paneling sounds complicated, however putting in electrical wires behind walls could be a job you’ll do yourself with several customary tools, a helpful assistant, and a bit of patience.
If you are not cozy with wiring, hire a knowledgeable lineman or run your new wire or cable. Seek advice from native building inspectors before doing any craft to make sure compliance with native codes. Confirm the situation of your new device. Then decide whether or not to power your new device from an existing outlet or the breaker panel.
Draw your new wiring path and measure the length of the NMB cable. Fetch some additional cable just in case you encounter any sudden obstructions. To be clear, cable refers to the wires within the jacket wherever the wires are fencelike. Remember that wire suggests that the individual circuit feeder wire itself.
Steps to put in
Step 1: Shut down the electricity.
Ensure to show off the electricity at the breaker panel to the outlet OR circuit breaker to draw power for your new device. Use a voltage tester to verify the ability is off at the outlet or breaker. Take care a brand new device won’t overload the circuit from which you may draw power, and seek advice from native building inspectors before doing any craft to ensure compliance with native codes.
Step 2: Mark for the electrical box.
Use a static magnet to make sure the situation for your new device is not on a stud. Hold the electrical box into the wall up the situation wherever it’ll be put in. Use grades to make sure the outline is straight. Trace around the box with a pencil to mark the realm to be cut.
Step 3: Drill a hole within the ceiling or floor
If you are running cable through the ceiling, rigorously drill a hole with a 1/8 inches drilling bit through the ceiling higher than the new wall box location. If you’re running cable through your basement or crawl area, drill into the molding or floor right next to the molding instead.
Insert a stiff wire or straightened dress hanger into the outlet. In your attic or basement, rummage around for a timber beam adjacent to the stiff jutting wire. In an attic, this beam is the height of the wall, referred to as the highest plate. It is the bottom of the wall in a very basement, referred to as a rock bottom plate.
If the two by four is underneath a chunk of laminate or coated indifferently, measure 2 and 1/2 inches from the reference wire toward the two by four and drill there. That ought to place the outlet within the middle of the plate. Check with a torch to make sure there are no electrical wires or plumbing pipes behind the walls wherever you will be operating.
Step 4: Cut the gap for the electrical box
Drill a hole and begin at the outlet, and cut on the outline with the drywall saw. It’s OK if the edges of the gap are rough. You may conceal this gap with a plate later.
Step 5: Run the cable.
Use the bit to drill a hole through the highest plate directly higher than the new electrical box located in your attic. If you are running cable through a basement or crawl area, drill a hole within the bottom plate directly below the box.
Feed your tape into the wall gap, pushing it up into the outlet you created within the high plate. If you are running a cable through a basement or crawl area, push it right down to the outlet within the bottom plate. You’ll use the top of a dress hanger to drag the top of the fish tape through the outlet.
Step 6: Running cable past a hearth block.
A fire block could be a horizontal beam of wood running between the wall studs. You’ll drill a hole through them or produce a notch to accommodate your wire. To drill a hole, insert an extended, versatile drilling bit through the gap for the electrical box and position it on the middle of the hearth block.
Step 7: Get the cable through the wall.
From the attic, basement, or crawl space, use electrical tape to secure one end of the cable to the latch on the cable. Use caution not to turn out friction. This could hurt the cable covering. It, in addition, avoids making kinks that will damage the wire. And there you’ve got it, setting up wire created easy. Then drill through the hearth block to cut a notch.
Thus, wires and cables are needed to run any electrical equipment. It acts as a conductor to transmit power. You must be careful while putting in wire and cable to avoid any harm.