Tyres are essential to achieve increased levels of safety and performance in your car. They are underestimated and neglected when a person owns a car. The maintenance of cheap tyres is done only after mishaps occur. However, it is important to understand that contact experiences a lot of force directionally, braking, and acceleration, which makes it imperative to ensure their good health.
How frequently should the car tyres be replaced?
At the last moment, tyres should not be changed, say when the depth of the tread is reaching the minimum legal limit of 1.6mm. If you observe any bulge or lump in the tyre, it indicates that the tyre’s structure is falling apart and is not worthy of being driven legally. In the same way, if the metal cords within the tyres are exposed, it is their turn to be replaced immediately. It is advisable to change all the tyres simultaneously, but this rarely happens because the rear and front car tyres wear out at separate time intervals. The tyre’s gripping ability on wet roads will start decreasing if the tyres are not replaced proactively. Before purchasing a new tyre, make sure you refer to the owner’s manual to make sure the characteristics of all the tyres are the same as the original.
Winter tyres or summer tyres
In many countries, like the UK, vehicles come installed with summer car tyres. They offer a good grip on dry and warm conditions but can also perform well on wet roads. These happen to be a choice by default by many drivers across the globe. However, you would wish to switch to winter car tyres for the winter season as their construction permits them to stay soft even below 7 degrees Celsius. Identified by the 3-peak mountain snowflake or M+S symbol, they also have tread blocks with small slits called sipes. These enhance the car’s traction on icy and snowy roads offering excellent control in slippery conditions. Of course, if the temperature goes above 7 degrees Celsius, summer car tyres are the best option as they offer better performance.
All-season car tyres
These tyres reduce the gap between winter and summer car tyres. They provide good performance on slippery and cold roads without affecting the capabilities during the warmer temperature. However, their performance levels might not be as good as the seasonal tyres during extreme weather conditions.
Run-flat car tyres
These tyres have gained immense popularity over the past few years. With a stiff sidewall that assists the car’s load, these tyres help you drive the car even after a puncture to make sure you get a safer place to change your tyre. Run-flat car tyres are indicated by symbols like RFT, DSST, RunFL and ROF. These tyres should never be mixed with regular tyres as they could greatly impact the car’s handling.
Part-worn and used car tyres
These tyres could be risky to buy and are considered legal in some countries as well. However, they should be marked properly and offer increased levels of safety. It would help if you inspected for any damages on them, check the depth of their tread, the load index, speed rating, and many such elements before purchasing them.
Construction of car tyres
Tyres are a complicated congregation of materials with varied properties.
- Tread: This feature enables the tyre to grip well on dry surfaces. The tread grooves help in dispersing water on wet roads, thereby preventing hydroplaning.
- Steel belt: These are steel wire bundles wrapped in rubber to provide rigidity to the tyre’s structure and enable contact with the road’s surface.
- Sidewalls: The sidewalls and the pressure in the car tyre carry the car’s load. Stiff and low sidewalls enable the tyre with improved cornering and shape retention. It also enhances the car’s handling ability but could make the rise very uncomfortable. Most of the information about the tyre is mentioned on the outer part of the tyre’s sidewall.
- Bead wires: These are very strong wires made of steel with stretching resistance. They ensure the tyre remains on the rim even when the car is being driven at increased speed levels while cornering.
Which are the ideal car tyres to buy?
There are a string of options available in terms of the brands, making a choice very difficult. However, it is best to go for a premium car tyre than a budget one which might be unknown. The selection of the tyre would be dependent on the car type and how you drive it. A sports vehicle would require high-performance car tyre with a soft compound and elevated speed rating – increasing the grip at the cost of the tyre’s lifespan. Premium manufacturers of tyres like Michelin and Pirelli differentiate in high-performance car tyres and have been the preferred choice of multiple manufacturers of sports cars.
Mid-range car tyres have been a good choice for family-driven cars as high-performance car tyres for them would be very costly. Mid-range car tyres help with lower consumption of fuel, reduced resistance of rolling, decreased rate of wear, and less price. It is best to consult an expert of car tyres near me who would help you make an informed decision and care the most for the safety of you and your loved ones.