Guidelines of design


There are a few basics of design that have been followed by decorators to ensure they get the best results every time. These rules are not written in stone and you can choose to break them or follow them according to what you want your house to look like. These rules are guidelines that can be used and here are some listed below. 


Basics of design to remember

  1. Flow – There should be a flow to the walls and furniture in the room and abrupt additions or negative space should be avoided. The flow of a room ensures everything in the room gets attention and the viewer does not have to make a special effort to look at a certain spot. 
  2. Symmetry – It is currently not in vogue but has been seen in traditional homes for a long time. Symmetry does not mean using the same wall colours or furniture on both sides but rather, having a similarity between the 2 sides. For example, if one part of the room has a vase on the right side, then the other part of the room will have a vase of a different shape and colour. You may have a plush leather chair on one side of the room but an ergonomic chair on the right. The concept of symmetry is open to interpretation. 
  3. Balance – Balance and symmetry may sound similar but they are entirely different. Balance refers to the balanced use of colours, textures, shades, shapes, and so on. Balance is required to highlight each and every single component that makes up the room. Balance also ensures the room does not look monotonous or too bright and tacky. 
  4. Contrast – Contrast is what makes your furniture, walls, art, and other furniture pop. If the furniture blends with the background, then your room will end up looking boring. Contrast is also important to ensure the desired impact of a certain element in the room is achieved. 
  5. Scale and proportion – This is one of the most basic things that we look at when we are making a new home or shifting. Ensure your furniture is fitting in the given space and it’s not occupying all the space in the room. Oversized furniture can look shabby and make the space seem smaller than it is. Proportion ensures all your items are of the correct size and nothing is overpowering the other. Many homeowners have played around with proportion to give you masterpieces. For example, an oversized painting on a smaller wall or a bigger painting in a room with a lower ceiling will catch attention and be the center of attention always. The office table design in tandem with the chair and the rest of the furniture is a good example of this. 

These guidelines of design are not compulsory to be followed. In fact, many designers believe in going against them and intentionally defying the age-old rules. The rules of design are changing with changing times. They are always evolving based on the evolving tastes of people. However, should you ever need to refer to the basics, here you go! 


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