India Population

Regulating the population is considered to be one of the major challenges in every country. While dissimilar countries have adopted numerous measures to control population growth, India continues to tussle in developing populace control policies. Even in the midst of urbanization, industrialization, and economic growth, India endures observing huge population development.

As statistics designate, the increasing rate of India’s population is quite alarming and requires immediate action. Research suggests that the birth rate is higher among low-income families as they believe that if they produce more children, there will be more earning adherents.

Moreover, service clinics were set up in rustic areas to teach people about family planning. Announcements and the media were used to spread consciousness and the necessity of using contraceptives for the overall wellbeing of the family.

It was only in the Fourth Five Year Plan (1970-1975) that the target was set and a birth rate reduction from 39 percent to 24.99 percent per 1,000 people within the next decade was proposed. To meet this target, sterilization clinics were set up and incentives, as well as recompense, were offered to experience sterilization.

Various Birth Control Programs Contended

Later then sterilization as a technique has been a target-oriented program and the repetition of dynamic sterilization has often been reported in the media. In fact, it is important to note that among all population-control actions, sterilization camps have been most obligatory by the Rule of India.

One cannot contradict that such campsites have been the motive for a large number of demises in the country. After-independence, in the first to third Five Year Plans (1951-1966) various methods such as the best condoms in India, jellies, and foam tablets were advocated for the birth controller.

Even though anxieties of “excellence of maintenance” provided in these camps have been questioned by several studies, no particular action has been taken against the surgeons and staff involved in sterilization. Thirteen women lost their lives at a sterilization camp in Chhattisgarh in 2014 and strict action was expected from the Centre. With this order, it is significant to understand what alternate methods can be used to curb population.

Numerous scholars have said even though sterilization is the most acknowledged form of population control measure, it is also one of the major causes of increased mortality rates among women in India. In this context, it is significant to reflect on population control strategies being followed by other extremely populated countries.

Alternative approaches

In India, women are paying a high price in terms of their health due to sterilization. In this context, it is important to identify alternative approaches that can be used to curb the inhabitant’s growth. Drawing from examples set by other countries, one can say that the use of condoms and intrauterine devices can be used to maintain an equilibrium between the usage of contraception methods by men and women. By drilling members of the village community, the administration can also create village self-help clusters. These groups can educate rustics on available birth control procedures.


In particular, men in rural areas should be interested and commended to use contraception to decrease the burden on women. In cities, areas should be identified with less-income relations and trained health workers should be sent to spread awareness on other contraception methods. The main goal of population resistor programs should be that both men and women should make informed selections. With the high Court’s order to shut down all sterilization encampments and impulsion for a nationwide health policy, it is important for the Indian government to reevaluate inhabitants’ control areas.

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