CHICAGO -In the room, doctors and nutritionists held on to their ideas of a perfect diet, just as the parent who clings to his or their child.

At the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions annual meeting, an audience of panelists debated the diets they considered to be the most beneficial for heart health, drawing upon data that had been published in recent years. Although there wasn’t a definitive choice, panel members all agreed that the ideal food plan is one that’s rich in vegetables, rich in whole foods that aren’t processed, and free of processed meat and added sugar as well as carbohydrates.

Although the ideal food plan “depends on the individual … I also firmly believe that everyone should focus on a foundational diet that includes all of [these] agreed upon components,” one of the panelists was Christopher Gardner, director of Nutrition Studies at Stanford Prevention Research Center,

But even those agreed on elements would require a significant lifestyle change for many Americans -however, only when you’ve reached the “foundational diet” is there “room to “biohack” to create your own individual diet

What’s more, the most effective diet is “the one you can stick to,” and, more specifically it’s one that is the “highest quality” one you will stick to, he added.

Lots of meat, vegetables and plenty of olive oil

The panelists talked about three types of diets — vegetarian, Mediterranean and keto -as well as their effects on the health of the heart.

The vegan diet

The vegan diet demands the elimination of all animal or animal-based products and is primarily focused on vegetables.

“If you substitute animal protein with plant protein, you would decrease mortality… [and] cardiovascular risk factors” over a certain period of time, according to the Dr. Kim Williams, a cardiologist at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago in the course. Previous studies have demonstrated that risk reduction is greatest when you quit eating processed red meats, he explained. In comparison to a diet rich on meats, a diet that is based on plants reduces blood pressure. There’s evidence it reduces levels of C-reactive proteins, an indicator of inflammation in the body, he added.

However, even with the vegan diet out of the picture “if everybody went from [eating] processed red meat to [eating] just regular red meat, we would dramatically decrease cardiovascular death in this country,” Williams stated.

However, the vegan diet isn’t always perfect. It can result in an vitamin B12 deficiency, which is a vitamin present in the animal product. Vitamin B12 deficiency could cause a decrease in the number of red blood cells or anemia. (Another reason for anemia could be an iron shortage.) Additionally the vegan diet won’t be able to help when, in addition to the vegetables, you’re eating fried foods on plates,

The Mediterranean diet

The Mediterranean diet is a good way to get meat and fish, but it is important to note that seafood is more preferred to red meat. Extra-virgin olive oils play the lead in this diet, and it also contains nuts, plenty of fruits, vegetables, and wine (in moderate amounts). There is evidence to suggest that the Mediterranean diet can lower amounts that are “bad” cholesterol and is associated with a lower risk of death due to heart disease, as per research from the Mayo Clinic.

However, this summer the Mediterranean diet suffered a setback in the wake of a large study that proclaimed its benefits was pulled out due to problems with the methodological approach. While some experts believe that the decision to retract the study has significantly undermined the claims of it is true that the Mediterranean diet is healthy for your heart and healthy, others claimed there was enough evidence to suggest it’s beneficial.

The primary investigator of the study was the Dr. Miguel Martinez-Gonzalez who is an researcher in the University of Navarra in Spain and present as a panelist during the talk on Saturday. He said that even after the study was retracted by the team and re-analyzed the data the results were, for the most part were based on the fact that the diet has not changed to be heart-healthy.

The keto diet

The final item on this non-exhaustive list of diets, we’ll mention the ketogenic diet comes in the top three. It’s a diet low in carbohydrates and is high in fatand moderate amounts of protein. It was presented by Dr. Sarah Hallberg, the medical director of Virta Health, said during the discussion on the ketogenic diet that “it is a whole food diet, .. [not] a hotdog and cheese diet.”

Carbohydrates can be found in non-starchy foods like nuts, vegetables, seeds, berries and dairy however, they are not found in sugar, potatoes, grains or potatoes, Hallberg said. According to Hallberg the diet reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. (Of noting, Virta Health is a company which claims to be able overcome type 2 diabetes without medication or surgery, rather by reducing the amount of carbs in the diet of a person.)

Other experts have expressed concern that those who follow the ketogenic diet could be more likely than other people to gain weight lost due to it can be hard to adhere to for the long haul, Live Science reported in May. In addition is that the high amounts of cholesterol and fats that are found in the keto diet could cause heart problems.

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The real food you eat is superior to processed

Although all panelists felt strongly about the lifestyle they supported, there was some agreement. The most important thing the panelists all agreed on was that whole foods are superior to processed food.

In this regard research scientists don’t need any further studies to determine what foods are healthy , and what’s not instead they should be focused on how to convince people to adhere to healthy lifestyles.

This could include enticing people to cook meals at home and also educating individuals about the societal and environmental impacts of the food they consumefor example, the impact consumption of meat has on climate change as well as animal rights and human labour abusesas well as establishing policies for health in the country that will aid in making healthier food affordable.

“Almost anything is better than the way most Americans are eating now,” said panel moderator Dr. David Katz, a specialist in preventive medicine within Yale the Yale-Griffin Center located in Derby, Connecticut. “‘America runs on Dunkin” and multicolored marshmallows are ‘part of a complete breakfast’ — fix that, and things will tend to improve.”

 

 

 

By Rajat

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